Way Kambas National Park, The Home For The Elephants

Way Kambas

Way Kambas National Park is located in Lampung province, South Sumatra, Indonesia. This national Park is consist of forest and preservation for Sumatran tigers and elephant sanctuary. This park also become a breeding center or Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) that has been build up in 1995.

Way Kambas National Park is a representative of the lowland forest ecosystem consisting of freshwater swamp forest, meadow grass, and coastal forests in Sumatra.

Plant species that grow in this national park are, api-api (Avicennia marina), Sonneratia (Sonneratia sp.), Palm (Nypa fruticans), Gelam (Melaleuca leucadendron), salam (Syzygium polyanthum), mire (Glochidion borneensis), almond (Terminalia cattapa), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), pandan (Pandanus sp.), puspa (Schima wallichii), meranti (Shorea sp.), oil (Dipterocarpus gracilis), and ramin (Gonystylus bancanus).

Way Kambas National Park has 50 species of mammals such as Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), tapir (Tapirus indicus), coyote (Cuon alpinus sumatrensis), gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus); 406 forest bird species including ducks (Cairina scutulata), yarn and clothing stork (Ciconia episcopus stormi), stork casks (Leptoptilos javanicus), Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita), Peacock (Argusianus argus argus), Little Cormorant snake ( Anhinga melanogaster); different types of reptiles, amphibians, fish, and insects.

Wild elephants which are trained in the Elephant Training Centre can be used as elephant riding, attractions, transport timber and plow the fields. At the elephant training center, we can see trainers that educate and train wild elephants, we can also see the attraction of elephants playing football, dancing, shaking hands, respectfully, draping flowers, pull the rope, swimming and many other attractions.

This elephant training center was established in 1985. Until this day, it has been successful in educating and tame elephants around 290 elephants.


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