Menjangan Island is a small island, located 5 miles to the north-west of Bali island and is part of the Indonesian archipelago. “Menjangan” in Indonesian means “Deer”. The name was given by the local population observing wild deer herds swimming to the island every spring and covering a distance of approx 1.2 miles.
The island of Menjangan is surrounded by a coral reef, characterized by deep drop offs of up to 60 meters and by complex rock formations. These distinctive features have given rise to a great number of large and small caves, festooned with sponge and soft corals and often inhabited by large groupers, moray eels and in the smaller caves by young snappers and bat fish. The sea beds are also rich in large barrel sponges and vibrant sea fans, some of which are truly enormous. Given the depth, the moderate flow of current and protection from strong winds, it is common to see tuna, shoals of jack-fish, bat fish, angelfish, sea turtles, and on occasion, sharks, especially off the outer corners of the island.
Even though the island is a significant part of Bali Barat National Park, it is assigned to the Javanese administrative district and falls under its jurisdiction. The closest big cities are: Singaraja, located in the north of Bali and Banyuwangi, located on the eastern coast of Java. The closest settlement is Sumberkima village. The nearest airport is Letkol Wisnu regional (approx. 8 miles from the island).
The island is considered to be an important part of the local tourism industry, due to the fact that its marine fauna incorporates one of the best-preserved coral reefs in the area. Coral formations close to the shore are good for scuba diving and snorkeling. All scuba-diving shops arrange daily trips to the island.
Menjangan island is surrounded by beautiful white sandy beaches. At a depth of 45 meters the Anker wreck is found. It is fairly small, around 25 meters long, and is said to be over 100 years old. The wreck contains a cargo of ceramics and glass bottles and is completely colonized by soft coral; an excellent place to meet turtles and sharks.