This regency is one of East Java regencies which located on strategic position, because it is located at the southern traffic lane crossing the island of Java (Surabaya-Madiun-Jogjakarta), Surabaya -Tulungagung and Malang – Tuban.
Jombang is also known as the “Kota Santri” “city of Islamic students”, because of there are many schools of Islamic education of “Pondok Pesantren” or Islamic boarding school in Jombang. People also sometimes says that Jombang is the center of Islamic boarding school in Java, since nearly all the land of the founder of the pesantren in Java must have studied in Jombang. Among the famous boarding school is Tebuireng, Denanyar, Tambak Beras, and Darul Ulum (Rejoso).
Many famous Indonesian figures who were born in Jombang, among them the former Indonesian President KH Abdurrahman Wahid, a national hero KH Hasyim Ash’ari and KH Wahid Hasyim, the Islamic intellectual figure Nurcholis Madjid (Cak Nur), and Emha Ainun Najib (Cak Nun) .
The early name of Jombang came up from the Javanese acronym of “Ijo” means Green and “abang” means Red.
Ijo or green represent to the santri or Islamic student which is symbolized the religious figure. While, red represent to Abangan people or Javanese believer and the nationalist.
Both groups are live peacefully under the same roof of Jombang.
The founding of Homo mojokertensis fossil in Brantas river valley indicated that Jombang had been inhabited since hundred years ago.
Other history told that on year 929, Mpu Sendok was move the center of Mataram Kingdom from Central Java to East Java.
Following the fall of Majapahit Kingdom, Islam began to flourish in this area, which spread from the northern coast of East Java. Since that time, Jombang became part of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom. Along with the weakening influence of Mataram, the Dutch colonized Jombang as part of the territory of VOC in the late 17th century. Tionghoa ethnic also growing. Until now we can still found some areas where the majority is Tionghoa Ethnic and Arabic.
Jombang inhabitant is mostly Javanese, with significant number of tionghoa ethnic and Arabic ethnic. They use Javanese language for daily spoken and two dialects of Suroboyoan and Mataraman. Suroboyoan or Surabaya dialect is more outspoken, while Mataraman is more likely to be Central Java dialect.
Agriculture is the most commodity for Jombang economic field. Fertility of the soil in Jombang is affected by the eruption of Mount Kelud which carried by Brantas River and Konto River.
On central Jombang, this location was planted with rice plants and crops like corn, soybeans, peanuts, green beans, and cassava. In the north is the center of fruits such as mango, banana, jackfruit and soursop.
Jombang mainstay of plantation commodities at the provincial level is sugar cane. While on regional level, is about fiber bags, coconut, coffee, cocoa, cashew nuts, cotton, tobacco, and some plants Toga (galangal, galingale, turmeric, ginger and lemongrass).
Mountainous area in the southeast is a central plantation of coffee, cocoa, and cloves. Mountainous areas in the north is the main producer of tobacco in Jombang.
Jombang is also has number of destinations, start from its artificial tourism, natures tourism, historical site and religious site.
Jombang, the home of the Santri
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