Bandung is the capital of West Java province, and the country’s third largest city, and 2nd largest metropolitan in Indonesia.
The Dutch colonials first opened tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, followed by a road construction connecting the plantation area to the capital (180 km or 112 miles to the northwest). The European inhabitants of the city demanded the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906 and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for the plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened of which the city was dubbed as Parijs van Java (Dutch: “The Paris of Java”)
In 1990, Bandung was become the safeties city according to Time magazine. People call Bandung as Kota Kembang or flower city. Moreover, Bandung is also become the main destination for its factory outlet and shopping center. In 2007, The British Council sited Bandung as the Pilot Project for the most creative city in East Asia. Until these days, Bandung is become the most destination city in tourism and education.
Bandung has relatively year-around cooler temperature than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin and surrounded by volcanic mountains, then the land is morphologically like a giant bowl. Bandung was flowed by 2 main rivers, which is Cikapundung river and Citarum river with those branches that all of those are flow to the south and meet in bank of Citarum river.
Bandung is the most populated city in West Java, and Sundanese is the most inhabitant that live in here. Beside, the Javanese is the most minor inhabitant after others ethnics.
At early begin, Bandung was the city of farm and plantation. But as the time goes by there are new area for settlements and it becomes the industrial area. Bandung economy is mainly built upon tourism, manufacturing, textile/apparel, education institutions, technology, retail, services, plantation/agriculture, financial, pharmaceutical, food, among others. Those are the major investments and most popular fields/industries being sought here. Moreover, the tourism sites are become the big commodities for the economic growth.
There are tons of interesting destination in Bandung, related with historical time line that happened in this heroic city. Hence, there must be some places that worth to be explored. Beside, the culture, the atmosphere, the people and the way of living become Bandung is special.
Bandung has served for popular weekend-break destination for people living in Jakarta. The cooler climate of highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses are attractions of the city.