Hulu Sungai Utara - Agung Amuntai Temple


Agung Amuntai Temple is a Hindu temple site of relics of kingdom Nagaradhipa (Nagara Dipa). Agung Amuntai Temple situated in Sungai Malang, Amuntai Tengah District, Hulu Sungai Utara of South Kalimantan.

Agung Temple was built by Ampu Jatmaka (Ampu Jatmika) of 14th century. According to the Hikayat Banjar, Ampu Jatmika derived from Keling. He arrived in the land of Banjar together Prabayaksa fleet, circa 1355. Veerbek found Keling, which included a vassal kingdom of Majapahit, located in the southwest Kediri, instead of Kalinga in India. Paul Michel Munos in the kingdoms of the Home Islands of Indonesia and Senanjung Malaysia (401 and 435), writes that Ampu Jatmika founded Nagaradhipa in 1387 and is derived from the Majapahit. Jatmaka Ampu allegedly served as a paramedic in Nagaradhipa sakai, not as a king Nagaradhipa. This occurs, as mentioned above, because Ampu Jatmika not highborn nor Kuripan royal (royal before the era Nagaradhipa). By doing so, Ampu Jatmaka estimated just as Acting King or Stakeholder kingdom.

According to the story, the Hindu Kingdom Nagara Dhipa stood at 1438 at the intersection of three streams: Tabalong, Balangan, and Nagara. Forerunners of Banjar Kingdom was ruled by Prince Suryanata and Princess Junjung Buih with heads of government Mangkubumi (duke) Lambung Mangkurat. Negaradhipa later evolved into Amuntai City.

Agung Temple is estimated to have been 740 years old. Materials of Agung Temple is dominated by stone and wood. Conditions are still very sturdy. In this temple also found some historical relics that date back some 200 years BC. The stone used to build this temple is still found there. The rock glance very similar to the red brick. However, there is a difference when touched, heavier and more powerful than ordinary red brick.

Many visitors who come to Agung Amuntai Temple for mere recreation. Many were aimed pilgrimage. Understandably in the temple area there are ancient tombs. If you are in Amuntai City, take the time to see this temple. Although different from the temples in Java, but its presence clearly provide information about the existence of the temple in Kalimantan.


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