Bangka island or sometimes Banka, is an island that lying on east of Sumatra, Indonesia. Bangka is an island province together with Belitung Island. Bangka lies just east of Sumatra, separated by the Bangka Strait; to the north lies the South China Sea, to the east, across the Gaspar Strait, is the island of Belitung, and to the south is the Java Sea.
The majority of the inhabitants are Malays and Chinese, mostly Hakkas. The population is split between those work on the tin mines, palm oil plantations, rubber plantations, fisherman and those who work on pepper farms.
Bangka was ceded to Britain by the sultan of Palembang in 1812, but in 1814 it was exchanged with the Dutch for Cochin in India. The island was occupied by the Japanese from February 1942 to August 1945. It became part of independent Indonesia in 1949. The island, together with neighboring Belitung, was formerly part of South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) province, but in 2000 the two islands became the new province of Bangka-Belitung.
The word Bangka, according to Bangka people implies “old” or “very old”, so the island of Bangka can be interpreted as an “old island”. When referring to the mineral content found in this area, Bangka island contains many mineral mining materials that would occur from natural processes prevailing over millions of years. One example is the tin mining materials, therefore the people call it as the island of Bangka, which refer to tin.
Looking at the tourism attraction, Bangka island is also has the natural beauty of the beach with a characteristic size of the stones. Although, the island of Bangka is less popular compared with his brother Belitung Island, this exotic island is still worth to be visited for the natural sightseeing around the beaches, forest and local people in some remote area.